The transition from hunting-gathering-fishing to agriculture as the main form of obtaining dietary calories was one of the key moments in human evolution. This process occurred at different times in distinct parts of the world, starting in SW Asia ca. 10,000 years ago. In most cases (though not all), this lead to an increase in social complexity, an increase in different forms of inequality and the appearance of state societies. Our group analyses traces of human lives and social relationships left behind in the archaeological, bio-anthropological and palaeobotanical records, while at the same time evaluating the relationship between these records of daily human activities and ecological and climatic changes overtime. We also investigate the origins and spread of farming by analysing genomes of heir-loom varieties. Our aims are to study, characterise and interpret the development of social complexity within human societies, and the consequences of this process on the long-term evolution of human behaviour.
Coordinator: Hugo Rafael Oliveira