Two papers by Hublin et al. in the journal Nature and by Fewlass et al. in Nature Ecology and Evolution report new Homo sapiens fossils from the site of Bacho Kiro Cave (Bulgaria). These fossils are directly dated to approximately 45,000 years ago and in direct association with stone tools, the remains of hunted animals, bone tools, and personal ornaments. The new discoveries document the earliest known Upper Paleolithic Homo sapiens and push back in time the start of this major cultural transition in Europe. Their stone tools unearthed at the site link Bacho Kiro Cave to finds across Eurasia as far east as Mongolia.
ICArEHB’s researchers Vera Aldeias and João Marreiros are part of the international research team, led by Jean-Jacques Hublin, Tsenka Tsanova and Shannon McPherron of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology (Leipzig, Germany) and Nikolay Sirakov and Svoboda Sirakova of the National Institute of Archaeology with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (Sofia, Bulgaria), that carries out archaeological excavations in the Bacho Kiro Cave since 2015.
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