ICArEHB’s research is currently supported by 4 main labs (LAM, MicroDiAL, LEXA and LARMAT). These are aimed at processing and analysing data from research projects, but they are also prepared to provide external commercial services (see more here) and support academic activities. Access to the collections and equipment available is possible by contacting the persons responsible for each lab.
Microscopy and Digital Archaeology Laboratory
At the Microscopy and Digital Archaeology Laboratory (MicroDiAL), we develop research contained in the so-called “invisible record” through microscopic techniques and computational analyses of archaeological data (GIS, 3D modeling, and agent-based modeling). Our specific areas of expertise are:
- Archaeological micromorphology
- Archaeological materials microscopic analysis
- Paleoecological, paleobotanical and micropaleontological reconstructions
- Geographic Information Systems
- Photogrammetry, 3D modeling and reconstruction
- Application and software development
- Advanced computing
Laboratory for Experimental Archaeology
The LEXA lab is aimed at developing controlled scientific experiments to generate and test archaeological hypotheses. Most of our experiments are performed in open-air conditions and are intended to produce, increase and enrich reference collections for comparative studies. Our main areas of expertise are lithic use-wear, raw materials performance, bone tools manufacture, and the use/impact of fire across several archaeological contexts and materials. All experimental materials available at our lab are accompanied by a detailed report on the experiment protocol.
Laboratory for Analysis of Raw Materials and Ancient Tools
This facility houses a geological reference collection for Portuguese cherts and flints (LusoLit), a portable XRF Bruker TITAN and a mechanical prototype developed to perform automated experiments and test the performance of ancient stone tools and raw materials. This lab was created under the “FCT Investigator” research project The impact of cognitive evolution in the use of raw materials: the cases of Iberian and southern African prehistoric hunter-gatherers, attributed to Telmo Pereira.