Jonathan Haws
Haws_1

Researcher 

Department of Anthropology
University of Louisville
Louisville
Kentucky 40292
USA

  (1 502) 852-2423
  jonathan.haws@louisville.edu

Research Interests

I have been doing archaeological fieldwork in Portugal since 1993.  My research interests focus on human land-use and decision-making as part of a socio-natural process to understand how past humans, especially Neanderthals and modern humans in Europe, interacted with their environment.
Currently, I am conducting an NSF-funded excavation of Lapa do Picareiro, a cave in central Portugal. The project brings together an international team to recover high-resolution archaeological, geological and paleoecological records to test whether or not differences in land use and diet allowed Neanderthals to survive in southwestern Europe longer than anywhere else. Lapa do Picareiro is a unique site, with least 10m of sediments spanning 75,000 years. The sequence includes almost 2m of deposits dated between 30-42 ka cal BP, making it an ideal locale to track changes in paleoenvironments and human ecodynamics across the Middle-Upper Paleolithic transition. In past three seasons, we excavated a newly discovered sealed off part of the cave with Magdalenian artifacts and bones scattered on the surface and a series of stratified hearths dated to the Solutrean, Proto-Solutrean, and Terminal Gravettian. We also confirmed 2 new Early Upper Paleolithic and 3 new Middle Paleolithic levels. The work will continue through at least 2019.

Short Bio

I completed my Ph.D. in Anthropology at the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2003. I am currently Professor and Chair of the Department of Anthropology at the University of Louisville.

For my complete CV please click HERE

Key Publications

• Audrey, T.K., Benedetti, M.M., Haws, J.A. and Lane, C.S. (2018). Mid-Holocene Iberian hydroclimate variability and paleoenvironmental change: molecular and isotopic insights from Praia Rei Cortiço, Portugal. Journal of Quaternary Science, 33(1):79-92. Link

• Bicho, N., Haws, J., Raja, M., Madime, O., Gonçalves, C., Cascalheira, J., Benedetti, M., Pereira, T., and Aldeias, V. (2016). Middle and Late Stone Age of the Niassa region, northern Mozambique. Preliminary results. Quaternary International, 404: 87-99. Link

• Gonçalves, C., Raja, M., Madime, O., Cascalheira, J., Haws, J., Matos, D., and Bicho, N. (2016). Mapping the Stone Age of Mozambique: the archaeology of the 20th century. African Archaeological Review, 33(1): 1-12. Link

• Minckley, T., Haws, J., Benedetti, M., Brewer, S., Forman, S. (2015). Last Interglacial Vegetation and Climate History from the Portuguese Coast. Journal of Quaternary Science, 30(1): 59-69. Link

• Bicho, N., Marreiro, J., Cascalheira, J., Pereira, T. and Haws, J. (2015). Bayesian modeling and the chronology of the Portuguese Gravettian. Quaternary International, 359-360: 499-509. Link

• Conyers, L.B., Daniels, J.M., Haws, J.A. and Benedetti, M.M. (2013). An Upper Palaeolithic Landscape Analysis of Coastal Portugal Using Ground-penetrating Radar. Archaeological Prospection, 20(1): 45-51. Link

• Haws, J.A. (2012). Paleolithic socionatural relationships during MIS 3 and 2 in central Portugal. Quaternary International, 264: 61-77. Link

• Bicho, N.F. and Haws, J.A. (2012). The Magdalenian in central and southern Portugal: human ecology at the end of the Pleistocene. Quaternary International, 272-273: 6-16. Link

• Bicho, N.F., Haws, J.A. and F. Almeida. (2011). Hunter-gatherer adaptations and the Younger Dryas in central and southern Portugal. Quaternary International, 242(2): 336-347. Link

• Haws, J.A., Benedetti, M.M., Funk, C.L., Bicho, N.F., Daniels, J.M., Hesp, P.A., Minckley, T.A., Forman, S.L., Jeraj, M., Gibaja, J. and Hockett, B.S. (2010). Coastal wetlands and Neanderthal settlement of Portuguese Estremadura. Geoarchaeology, 25(6): 709-744. Link

• Benedetti, M.M., Haws, J.A. , Funk, C.L., Daniels, J.M., Hesp, P.A., Bicho, N.F., Minckley, T.A, Ellwood, B.B. and Forman, S.L (2009). Late Pleistocene raised beaches of coastal Estremadura, central Portugal. Quaternary Science Reviews, 28(27-28): 3437-3447. Link

• Hockett, B.S. and Haws, J.A. (2009). Continuity in animal resource diversity in the Upper Paleolithic diet of central Portugal.  Before Farming, 2009/2/2. Link

• Bicho, N.F. and Haws, J.A. (2008). At the land's end: marine resources and the importance of fluctuations in the coastline in the prehistoric hunter-gatherer economy of Portugal. Quaternary Science Reviews, 27(23-24): 2166-2175. Link

• Bicho, N.F., Haws, J.A and Hockett, B.S. (2006). Two sides of the same coin: rocks, bones and site function of Lapa do Picareiro, Central Portugal. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology, 25(4): 485-499. Link

• Hockett, B.S. and Haws, J.A. (2005). Nutritional ecology and the human demography of Neandertal extinction. Quaternary International, 137(1): 21-34. Link

• Hockett, B.S. and Haws, J.A. (2003). Nutritional ecology and diachronic trends in Paleolithic diet and health. Evolutionary Anthropology, 12(5): 211-216. Link

• Hockett, B.S. and Haws, J.A. (2002). Taphonomic and methodological perspectives of leporid hunting during the Upper Paleolithic in the western Mediterranean basin. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 9(3): 269-302. Link

Research

•  Since 2016: Director, (VIP) Vilankulos na Idade da Pedra: Pesquisa dos Origens dos Humanos Modernos no sul do Rio Save, Moçambique. Co-investigators include Dr. Nuno Bicho (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. João Cascalheira (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. Célia Gonçalves (Universidade do Algarve), Mussa Raja (Universidade Eduardo Mondlane), Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina Wilmington).  The project is an archaeological survey of southern Mozambique funded by the Fundação para Ciência e para Tecnologia (FCT), Portugal. The goal is to locate new Stone Age sites in order to fill gaps in the archaeological record of early modern human behavior.

• Since 2017: Director, (ASEM IV) A Serra e o Mar: Relações socio-naturais durante o Pleistoceno superior. Senior researchers include Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina-Wilmington), Dr. Lukas Friedl (University of West Bohemia), Dr. Nuno F. Bicho (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. João Cascalheira (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. Telmo Pereira (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. João Marreiros (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. Juan Gibaja Bao (Universidad de Barcelona), Milena Carvalho (University of New Mexico), Brandon Zinsious (University of Louisville). This is the 4th phase of the ASEM project investigating human ecodynamics during the Paleolithic, funded by grants to me and Mike Benedetti from the National Science Foundation. This is a geoarchaeological excavation to study Neanderthal extinction and modern human expansion into southern Iberia and understand the ecodynamics of this process. This work focuses on Lapa do Picareiro, a Middle and Upper Paleolithc cave site, dated 10-75,000 years ago. The site has a fine-grained stratigraphic sequence allowing us to study long-term environmental changes and human land use strategies.

• 2012: Director, (ASEM III) A Serra e o Mar: Ecodinâmicas humanas na fachada Atlântica durante o paleolítico. Senior researchers include Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina-Wilmington), Dr. Nuno F. Bicho (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. J. Michael Daniels (University of Denver), Dr. Rhawn Denniston (Cornell College, IA), Dr. Tom Minckley (University of Wyoming), Dr. Steven L. Forman (University of Illinois-Chicago), Dr. Lawrence Conyers (University of Denver). This is the 3rd phase of the ASEM project investigating human ecodynamics during the Paleolithic, funded by grants to me from the National Science Foundation and the National Geographic Society. This was a geoarchaeological survey and testing program to further understand the link between global climate changes during the Pleistocene and regional and local scale human response to environmental change. This work focused on three key sites that inform on diachronic variation in Neanderthal behavior: Praia Rei Cortiço, a 100,000 year old Middle Paleolithic site, Mira Nascente, a 40,000 year old Middle Paleolithic site and Lapa do Picareiro, a Middle and Upper Paleolithc cave site, dated 10-50,000 years ago. The latter site has a fine-grained stratigraphic sequence allowing us to study long-term environmental changes and human land use strategies in order to understand Neanderthal extinction and replacement by modern humans.

• 2013: Co-Director, Prehistoric hunter-gatherers of Southern Mozambique: the emergence of modern humans, with Prof. Nuno Bicho (Universidade do Algarve, Portugal). This project marks the 2nd phase of archaeological research in Mozambique. The goal was to find evidence for understanding the emergence of modern human behavior after 200,000 years ago during the Middle Stone Age. The project is funded a grant to Prof. Bicho by the Fundação para Ciências e para Tecnologia (FCT), the Portuguese Science Foundation.

• 2011-2012: Co-Director, Middle Stone Age archaeology and modern human origins research in southern Mozambique, with Prof. Nuno Bicho (Universidade do Algarve, Portugal). This was the 1st phase of an archaeological survey to investigate modern human behavioral origins in Mozambique. During two visits we explored areas for future work and began recording new sites. This was funded by grants to me from the Wenner-Gren Foundation and University of Louisville.

• 2008-2011: Director, (ASEM II) A Serra e o Mar: paisagens e povoamento durante o paleolítico da Estremadura Portuguesa. Senior researchers include Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina-Wilmington), Dr. Nuno F. Bicho (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. J. Michael Daniels (University of Denver), Dr. Bryan Hockett (BLM), Dr. Caroline Funk (Stockton College), Dr. Rhawn Denniston (Cornell College, IA), Dr. Tom Minckley (University of Wyoming), Dr. Steven L. Forman (University of Illinois-Chicago), Dr. Brooks Ellwood (Louisiana State University), Dr. Gerd C. Weniger (Director, Neanderthal Museum, Mettmann, Germany), Dr. Martin Kehl (Universität zu Köln). I directed this 2nd phase of the ASEM project investigating flexibility in human adaptations to environmental change. The project focused on reconstructing paleolandscapes and documenting human settlement during the Paleolithic in central Portugal. This included archaeological survey and testing of Paleolithic sites in Portuguese Estremadura. The team excavated Praia Rei Cortiço, a Middle Paleolithic site, Ribeiros de Lagoa Seca, an Upper Paleolithic site, Gruta das Pulgas, a Pleistocene cave deposit and Lapa do Picareiro, a Middle and Upper Paleolithic cave site. In addition we discovered several new Paleolithic sites during the pedestrian survey between Nazaré and Peniche, Portugal. This work was supported by grants to me from the National Science Foundation (BCS-0715279), Wenner-Gren Foundation for Archaeological Research, Archaeological Institute of America and the University of Louisville.

• 2005-2007: Director, (ASEM) A Serra e o Mar: utilização dos recursos marinhos durante o quaternário da Estremadura Portuguesa. Archaeological survey and testing near Nazaré, Portugal.  Senior researchers include Dr. Bryan Hockett (BLM), Dr. Caroline Funk (Stockton College), Dr. Nuno F. Bicho (Universidade do Algarve), Dr. J. Michael Daniels (University of Wyoming), Dr. Michael Benedetti (University of North Carolina-Wilmington). I directed this 1st phase of ASEM to find evidence for coastal settlement during the Paleolithic in central Portugal. We surveyed about 100 km2 of the coast region near Nazaré, documenting dozens of previously unknown open-air sites dated to the Middle and Upper Paleolithic. We excavated Mira Nascente, a Middle Paleolithic site, Cova das Lapas, a Neolithic cave site, Lapa do Picareiro, a Middle and Upper Paleolithic cave site. We also tested several Paleolithic sites found on survey. This work was funded by grants to me from the National Science Foundation, the Wenner-Gren Foundation and the University of Louisville