João Marreiros

Researcher, ICArEHB

Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour (ICArEHB)
FCHS, University of Algarve
Campus de Gambelas
8005-139 Faro

Researcher, TraCEr, Laboratory for Traceology and Controlled Experiments

MONREPOS Archaeological Research Centre and Museum for Human Behavioural Evolution,RGZM
Schloss Monrepos
56567 Neuwied

Research Interests

I’m an archaeologist interested on unravelling and understanding early hominn technological evolution, with special fascination on how stone tools were designed, produced, and used. My main interests are focused on the study of why, how, and what for humans transform their technological system and what can those changes tell us about past human behavioral dynamics. What I also found intriguing is also how the technological choices made in the past guided us to what we are today. So, in order to investigate this topic, I focus on three main lines of study: 1) understanding when the design and production of stone tools change over time, 2) the association between tool design and tool used, and ultimately, 3) why humans change the way they design and used their tools, and what does this tell us about changes on the evolution of human behavior. So, to address these questions my methodological approach combines different discipline such as, techno-typological analysis, raw material characterization and use-wear analysis (i.e. traceology) and experimental replication.

Short Bio

I completed my PhD in 2013, at the University of Algarve, and after a 3 year post-doctoral position at the same institute I moved to Germany where I started as an independent Junior Research Group Leader of the TraCEr laboratory (RGZM). Starting this project and setting up this laboratory allowed me to build an unique interdisciplinary framework to the study of past homin tools use. I am also currently an Assistant Professor at the University at Évora where I mainly teach Late Pleistocene archaeology and stone tool analysis.

Apart from my laboratorial research and teaching, I’m also involved in several field project either as a field director or project collaborator. These include several Plesitocene sites in countries such as Armenia, Portugal, Bulgaria, Romania and Ethiopia.