ICArEHB Dialogues 'Migrations and Dispersals in the Mesolithic and Neolithic', took place Friday 27th of May at 4pm (Faro time) in videoconference, with Rick Schulting and Maïté Rivollat , and was convened by Anna Rufà.
Rick Schulting is Professor of Scientific and Prehistoric Archaeology at the University of Oxford. He has had a long-standing interest in the Mesolithic and Neolithic of Western Europe, both in themselves, and in terms of the transition to farming. Recent and ongoing research is focussed on improving our understanding of chronology, through the use of AMS 14C dating, and of palaeodiet, through the use of stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analysis. One of the main results of this work has been to document the rapid replacement of marine foods in coastal areas during the Mesolithic by domestic crops and animals in the Neolithic. A more recent strand to this research has involved the use of strontium isotopes to explore mobility and landscape use from the Mesolithic to the Bronze Age in Britain and Ireland. An ongoing project is investigating the importance of rivers in both facilitating and inhibiting movement.
Another of his research strands involves a re-assessment of extant Neolithic skeletal collections from various regions of western Europe, from the point of view of evidence for interpersonal violence. Most recently, I have extended my interests to Eurasian steppe pastoralists, and to the hunter-gatherers of Siberia and northern Japan, as a member of the Baikal Archaeological Project
Maïté Rivollat is a postdoctoral researcher specialised in ancient DNA and focusing on the Mesolithic and Neolithic in Western Europe. She obtained her PhD in 2016 at the PACEA laboratory of the University of Bordeaux (France) and has conducted her first postdoctoral research with the INTERACT project (ANR/DFG, dir. M.-F. Deguilloux and W. Haak) between PACEA and the Department of Archaeogenetics of the Max Planck Institute in Jena, then Leipzig, Germany. She studies prehistoric populations at two scales of resolution. On the one hand, she focuses on the demographic processes that have shaped the genomics of European populations and the different interaction modalities involved, linked to significant regional variation, and aims to understand the adequation between cultural and biological identities. On the other hand, she is analysing genetic structure at the group level and exploring how this can inform social behaviour. She is currently working at Ghent University, Belgium, where she is studying the genetic diversity of the last Mesolithic groups in Belgium.