New article published by Alfredo Mederos Martín & João Luís Cardoso, in Estudos Arqueológicos de Oeiras.
Julio Martínez Santa-Olalla (1905-1972), the Spanish Commissioner General of Archaeological Excavations (1939-1956) and acting Full Professor of Primitive Histor y of Man at the University of Madrid (1939-1954), was an amateur archaeologist since he was ver y young. After studying at the universities of Madrid, Barcelona and Valladolid (1923-26), Santa-Olalla obtained a position as a lecturer at the Univer-sity of Bonn (Germany) between 1927 and 1931. He defended his doctoral thesis in Spain (1932) and became Hugo Obermaier’s assistant (1931-32), Assistant Professor (1932-36), secretar y of the Spanish Society of Anthropology, Ethnography and Prehistor y (1935) and Full Professor of Archaeology at the University of Santiago de Compostela (1936). This enabled him to join the Association of Portuguese Archaeologists in 1934 and the Portuguese Society of Anthropology and Ethnology in 1938. In 1944, 1945 and 1947 he visited Portugal, lecturing in Lisbon, Coimbra and Oporto, but was unable to undertake other trips planned for 1945 and 1948. His correspondence shows that he maintained relations with the leading Portuguese archaeologists of the time, although he kept a more distant relationship with Veiga Ferreira. He had a special interest in the Chalcolithic and Late Bronze Age phases of Portuguese archaeology.Keywords : Histor y of Archaeology, Iberian Peninsula, Martínez Santa-Olalla, Mário Cardozo, A. A. Mendes Corrêa, Eugénio Jalhay, Afonso do Paço,J. R. dos Santos Júnior, Virgínia Rau, Abel Viana, O. da Veiga Ferreira, Vila Nova de São Pedro.