The Interdisciplinary Center for Archaeology and Evolution of Human Behaviour (ICArEHB) is a research center based at the University of Algarve (Southern Portugal), bringing together a group of foreigner and national researchers with a main goal: developing research and contribute to a better understanding of the evolution of human behavior from an archaeological and anthropological perspective. Research is organized in three groups – Prehistoric coastal adaptations, African archaeology and Human Evolution, Development of complex societies – focusing mostly on the emergence of Anatomically Modern Humans, hunter-gatherer coastal adaptations, the development of complex societies, and African archaeology using different disciplines and methodological approaches, such as geoarchaeology, use-wear analysis, zooarchaeology, paleobotany and GIS. Currently, ICArEHB members are actively participating in a large number of projects taking place across Europe and Africa.
The core mission of ICArEHB (University of Algarve) is to develop an integrative understanding of past human adaptations. We seek to establish interdisciplinary perspectives to address key aspects of the human journey by investigating the archaeological record and using present analogs, including extant primates, to model behavioral resilience, change, and innovation through time.
We can synthesize ICArEHB’s past research on two main subjects: ORIGINS and ADAPTATIONS, while presently we are geared to investigate questions dealing with DISPERSION and MOBILITY:
- HOMININ DISPERSALS OUT OF AFRICA
We seek to understand the paths and dynamics of hominin migrations into Eurasia, including early migrations of the genus Homo and the later dispersion dynamics of AMH.
- DISPERSION ALONG COASTAL ROUTES
The evolutionary significance of coastal settings is a long-standing debate, with hypotheses of coastal environments as drivers for early bipedalism, as well as chosen pathways for human migrations. ICArEHB will explore these topics with ongoing and new fieldwork targeting Mio-Pliocene and Pleistocene contexts within Africa (namely Mozambique and South Africa), and along the Arabian Peninsula coasts.
- MOBILITY IN FOOD-PRODUCING SOCIETIES
ICArEHB will develop studies dealing with the application of isotopic markers and ancient DNA studies to map the origin and movement of humans, plant and animal domesticates in Western Europe and Africa.
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